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Ramesh S. Kanwar
Professor and Chair
Department: Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Natural resources and environmental engineering - soil and water management, soil erosion and sediment control in watersheds, irrigation and drainage systems management, and nonpoint source pollution and water quality management as affected by climate change and animal (swine and poultry manure and sustainable agricultural production systems.
Brief bio and description of current research:
Ramesh Kanwar, is the Professor and Department Chair of the Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department at Iowa State University. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in agricultural engineering from India and Ph.D. degree from Iowa State University. He joined the faculty of the agricultural engineering department at Iowa State University in 1981 and was promoted to full professor in 1991. He was appointed assistant director of the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station on January 15, 1997 and director of the Iowa Water Resources Research Institute on December 1, 1999 and served in these positions until September 15, 2001. He was appointed Chair of the Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department at Iowa State University on September 15, 2001. He has worked as a consultant for the World Bank, European Commission, Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), NATO, FAO, and many foreign governments/universities. These global opportunities have taken him to more than 40 countries. He has taught BS, MS, Ph.D. degree students in Austria, Belgium, Portugal, Uzbekistan, and India. He is an honorary professor at Beijing Agricultural University in China, Ningxia University in China, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization in Uzbekistan, and Trakia University in Bulgaria. He was awarded an honorary doctorate degree by the Georgian State Agrarian University in Tbilisi, Georgia, in 2000 and was elected Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences in India in 2001. In 2005, he was elected Fellow of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. In 2007, he was awarded Doctorate Honor Causa Scientific by the Trakia University in Bulgaria. He has received numerous awards including Engineer of the Year Award by ASABE, Distinguished Service Award by the Asian Association of Agricultural Engineers, and Outstanding Young Engineering Faculty Research Award, Outstanding Graduate Faculty Award, and International Service Award by Iowa State University.
Kanwar teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in the areas of water quality, and soil and water management, and erosion and sediment transport at Iowa State University. He conducts research in drainage, irrigation, water quality impacts of agricultural and livestock production systems, hydrologic modeling, and natural resource engineering. He has been a major professor for 28 M.S. and 25 Ph.D. students. He has authored more than 400 publications (150 refereed journal articles, 115 book chapters and conference proceeding articles, and 165 presented papers at international conferences).
Bakhsh, A., R.S. Kanwar, and R.W. Malone. 2007. Landscape and hydrologic attributes in developing and interpreting yield clusters. GEODERMA 140(3):235-246.
Ma, L., R.W. Malone, P. Heilman, L. R. Ahuja, T. Meade, S. A. Saseendran, J. C. Ascough, II, and R. S. Kanwar . 2007a. Sensitivity of tile drainage flow and crop yield on measured and calibrated soil hydraulic properties. GEODERMA 140(3):284-296.
Ma, L., R.W. Malone, P. Heilman, D.L. Karlen, R.S. Kanwar, C.A. Cambardella, S.A. Sasceendran, and L.R. Ahuja. 2007b. RZWQM simulations of long-term crop production, water and nitrogen balances in Northeast Iowa. GEODERMA 140(3): 247-259.
Ma, L., R.W. Malone, P. Heilman, D.B. Jaynes, L. R. Ahuja, S.A. Saseendran, R. S. Kanwar, and J. C. Ascough, II. 2007c. RZWQM simulated effects of crop rotation, tillage, and controlled drainage on crop yield and nitrate-loss in drain flow. GEODERMA 140(3):260-271.
Malone, R.W., L. Ma, P. Heilman, D.L. Karlen, R.S. Kanwar, and J.L. Hatfield. 2007. Simulated N management effects on crop yield and tile-drainage nitrate loss. GEODERMA 140(3):272-283.
Saseendran, S. A., L. Ma, R. Malone, P. Heilman, L. R. Ahuja, R. S. Kanwar, and Terry Meade. 2007. Simulating management effects of crop production, tile drainage, and water quality using the RZWQM-DSSAT. GEODERMA 140(3):297-309.
Bakhsh, A. and R.S. Kanwar. 2006. N-source effects on temporal distribution of NO3-N leaching losses to subsurface drainage water. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution Journal 11270(6): 1-16.
Kanwar, R.S. 2006. Effects of cropping systems on NO3-N losses to tile drain systems. Journal of American Water Resources Association 42(6):1493-1502.
Reungsang, A., T.B. Moorman, and R.S. Kanwar. 2006. Prediction of atrazine fate in riparian buffer strips soils using the Root Zone Water Quality Model. Journal of Water and Environment Technology 3:209-222.
Bakhsh, A., R.S. Kanwar, D. B. Jaynes, T. S. Colvin and L. R. Ahuja. 2005. Modeling precision agriculture for better crop productivity and environmental quality. International Agricultural Engineering Journal 14(4):1-10.
Bakhsh, A., R.S. Kanwar, and D. Karlen. 2005. Effects of liquid swine manure applications on NO3-N leaching losses to subsurface drainage water. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 109(1-2):118-128.
Bakhsh, A. and R.S. Kanwar. 2005. Mapping Clusters of NO3-N Leaching Losses with Subsurface Drainage Water. Journal of American Water Resources Association 41(2):333-341.
Kanwar, R.S., R. Cruse, M. Ghaffarzadeh, A. Bakhsh, D. Karlen, and T. Bailey. 2005. Corn-soybean and alternate farming systems effects on water quality. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 21(2):181-188.
Bakhsh, A. and R.S. Kanwar. 2004. Spatio-temporal analysis of trends in subsurface drainage flow rates from agricultural fields in the Midwest. TRANSACTIONS of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 47(5): 1427-1436.
Bakhsh, A., L. Ma, L.R. Ahuja, J. L. Hatfield, and R.S. Kanwar. 2004. Using RZWQM to predict herbicide leaching losses in subsurface drainage water. TRANSACTIONS of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 47(5): 1415-1426
Bakhsh, A. and R.S. Kanwar. 2004. Using discriminating analysis and GIS to delineate subsurface drainage patterns. TRANSACTIONS of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 47(3):689-699.
Karlen, D.L., C. A. Cambardella, R. S. Kanwar. 2004. Challenges of Managing Liquid Swine Manure. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 20(5): 693-699.
Bakhsh, A.., J. Hatfield, R.S. Kanwar, L. Ma, and L.R. Ahuja. 2004. Simulating nitrate drainage losses from a Walnut Creek watershed field. Journal of Environmental Quality 33(1): 114-123.
Warnemuende, E.A. and R.S. Kanwar. 2002. Effects of swine manure application on bacterial quality of leachate from intact soil columns. TRANSACTIONS of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 45(6):1849-1857.
Bakhsh, A., R.S. Kanwar, T.B. Bailey, C.A. Camberdella, D.L. Karlen, and T.S. Colvin. 2002. Cropping systems effects on NO3-N loss with subsurface drainage water. TRANSACTIONS of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 45(6):1789-1797.