Climate Science Program

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Publications by CSP and the CSP Research Team

Regional Climate Model Development and Regional Analysis



2006-2010

Gutowski, W. J., R. W. Arritt, S. Kawazoe, D. M. Flory, E. S. Takle, S. Biner, D. Caya, R. G. Jones, R. Laprise, L. R. Leung, L. O. Mearns, W. Moufouma-Okia, A. M. B. Nunes, Y. Qian, J. O. Roads, L. C. Sloan, and M. A. Snyder, 2010: Regional, Extreme Monthly Precipitation Simulated by NARCCAP RCMs. Geophys. Res. Lett. (submitted).

Takle, E. S., M. Jha, E. Lu, R. W. Arritt, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., and the NARCCAP Team, 2010:  Streamflow in the Upper Mississippi River Basin as simulated by SWAT driven by 20C results of global climate models and NARCCAP regional climate models.  Submitted to Meteorologische Zeitschrift.

Boberg, F., P. Berg, P. Thejll, W. J. Gutowski and J. H. Christensen, 2009: Improved confidence in climate change projections of precipitation further evaluated using daily statistics from ENSEMBLES models.  Clim. Dynamics [DOI:10.1007/s00382-009-0683-8].

Francis, J.A., J. J. Cassano, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., L. D. Hinzman, M. M. Holland, M. A. Steele, D. M. White and C. J. Vörösmarty, 2009: An Arctic hydrologic system in transition:  Feedbacks and impacts on terrestrial, marine, and human life.  J. Geophys. Res., 114, G04019 [DOI:10.1029/2008JG000902].

Mearns, L. O., W. J. Gutowski, R. Jones, L.-Y. Leung, S. McGinnis, A. M. B. Nunes, Y. Qian,  2009:  A regional climate change assessment program for North America.  EOS, 90, 311-312.

Wang, S.-Y., R. R. Gillies, E. S. Takle and W. J. Gutowski, 2009:  Evaluation of precipitation in the Intermountain Region as simulated by the NARCCAP regional climate models.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L11704 [DOI:10.1029/2009GL037930].

Pryor, S. C., R. J. Barthelmie, D. T. Young, E. S. Takle, R. W. Arritt, D. Flory, W. J. Gutowski Jr., A. Nunes, and J. Roads, 2009: Wind speed trends over the contiguous United States, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D14105, doi:10.1029/2008JD011416.

Wang, S.-Y., R. R. Gillies, E. S. Takle, and W. J. Gutowski, Jr., 2009: Characteristics of the Intermountain rainfall climatology simulated by the NARCCAP regional climate models.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, 11, doi:10.1029/2009GL037930, 2009

Lu, E., E. S. Takle, and Y. Wang, 2009:  Spatial variabilities and their relationships of the trends of temperature, water vapor, and precipitation in the North American Regional Reanalysis.  Accepted by J. Geophys Res.

Wang, S.-Y, T. C. Chen, and E. S. Takle, 2009:  Climatology of summer midtropospheric perturbations in the U.S. northern plains. Part II:  Large-scale effects of the terrain boundary layer evolution on genesis. Accepted by Climate Dynamics.

Karl, T.R., G.A. Meehl, T.C. Peterson, K.E. Kunkel, W.J. Gutowski, Jr., D.R. Easterling, 2008: Executive Summary in Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus:  North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands. T.R. Karl, G.A. Meehl, C.D. Miller, S.J. Hassol, A.M. Waple, and W.L. Murray (eds.). A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington, DC.

Gutowski, W.J. (Coordinating Lead Author), G.C. Hegerl, G.J. Holland, T.R. Knutson, L.O. Mearns, R.J. Stouffer, P.J. Webster, M.F. Wehner, F.W. Zwiers, 2008: Causes of Observed Changes in Extremes and Projections of Future Changes in Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus:  North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands. T.R. Karl, G.A. Meehl, C.D. Miller, S.J. Hassol, A.M. Waple, and W.L. Murray (eds.). A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington, DC.

Easterling, D.R., D.M. Anderson, S.J. Cohen, W.J. Gutowski, G.J. Holland, K.E. Kunkel, T.C. Peterson, R.S. Pulwarty, R.J. Stouffer, M.F. Wehner, 2008: Measures to Improve Our Understanding of Weather and Climate Extremes in Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus:  North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands. T.R. Karl, G.A. Meehl, C.D. Miller, S.J. Hassol, A.M. Waple, and W.L. Murray (eds.). A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington, DC.

Gutowski, William J., Jr., Stephanie S. Willis, Jason C. Patton, Benjamin R. J. Schwedler, Raymond W. Arritt, and Eugene S. Takle, 2008:  Changes in extreme, cold-season synoptic precipitation events under global warming.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20710, doi:10.1029/2008GL035516.

Chen, T.C., J.D. Tsay, and W.J. Gutowski, 2008: A Comparison Study of Three Polar Grids. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 47, 2993–3007.

Correia, J., R.W. Arritt, and C.J. Anderson, 2008: Idealized Mesoscale Convective System Structure and Propagation Using Convective Parameterization. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 2422–2442.

Lu, E., E. S. Takle, 2008:  Contributions of Water Vapor and Temperature to the Interannual Variability of Precipitation in the North American Regional Reanalysis.  J. Climate, submitted.

Abiodun, B.J., J.M. Prusa and W.J. Gutowski, 2008: Implementation of a Non-hydrostatic, Adaptive-Grid Dynamics Core in CAM3.  Part I: Comparison of Dynamics Cores in Aqua-Planet Simulations.  Clim. Dynamics, 31, 795-810 [DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0381-y].

Abiodun, B.J., W.J. Gutowski and J.M. Prusa, 2008: Implementation of a Non-hydrostatic, Adaptive-Grid Dynamics Core in CAM3.  Part II: Dynamical Influences on ITCZ Behavior and Tropical Precipitation.  Clim. Dynamics, 31, 811-822  [DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0382-x].

Boberg, F., P. Berg, P. Thejll, W. J. Gutowski and J. H. Christensen, 2008: Late 21st century changes in European PRUDENCE precipitation intensities.  Clim. Dynamics [DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0446-y].

Gutowski, W. J., S. S. Willis, J. C. Patton, B. R. J. Schwedler, R. W. Arritt, and E. S. Takle, 2008:  Changes in extreme, cold-season synoptic precipitation events under global warming.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20710 [DOI:10.1029/2008GL035516].

Im, E.-S., W. J. Gutowski, Jr., and F. Giorgi, 2008:  Consistent changes in twenty-first century daily precipitation from regional climate simulations for Korea using two convection parameterizations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L14706 [DOI:10.1029/2008GL034126].

Abiodun, B. J., J. Pal, E. A. Afiesimama, W. J. Gutowski and A. Adedoyin, 2007: Simulation of West Africa monsoon using the RegCM3.  Part II: Impact of deforestation and desertification.  Theor. Appl. Clim., 93, 245-261 [DOI: 10.1007/s00704-007-0333-1].

Lee, D.-K., W. J. Gutowski, H.-S, Kang and C.-J. Kim, 2007:  Intercomparison of precipitation simulated by regional climate models over East Asia in 1997 and 1998.  Adv. Atmos. Sci. 24, 539-554.

Person, M., P. Roy, H. Wright, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., E. Ito, T. Winter, D. Rosenberry and D. Cohen, 2007: Hydrologic Response of the Crow Wing Watershed, Minnesota to Mid-Holocene Climate Change.  GSA Bulletin, 119, 363-376 [DOI:  10.1130/B26003.1].

Song, Y., C.K. Wikle, C.J. Anderson, and S.A. Lack, 2007: Bayesian Estimation of Stochastic Parameterizations in a Numerical Weather Forecasting Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 4045–4059.

Takle, E. S., J. Roads, B. Rockel, W. J. Gutowski, Jr.. R. W. Arritt, I. Meinke, C. G. Jones, and A. Zadra, 2007:  Transferability intercomparison:  An opportunity for new insight on the global water cycle and energy budget.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 375-384.
Gutowski, W. J., Jr., K. A. Kozak, R. W. Arritt, J. H. Christensen, J. C. Patton, and E. S. Takle, 2007: A possible constraint on regional precipitation intensity changes under global warming.  J. Hydromet., 8, 1382-1412.

Gutowski, W.J., H. Wei, C.J. Vörösmarty, and B.M. Fekete, 2007: Influence of Arctic Wetlands on Arctic Atmospheric Circulation. J. Climate, 20, 4243–4254.

Anderson, C.J., R.W. Arritt, and J.S. Kain, 2007: An Alternative Mass Flux Profile in the Kain–Fritsch Convective Parameterization and Its Effects in Seasonal Precipitation. J. Hydrometeor., 8, 1128–1140.

Afiesimama, E.A., J. Pal, B.J. Abiodun, W.J. Gutowski and A. Adedoyin, 2006:  Simulation of West Africa monsoon using the RegCM3. Part I:  Model validation and interannual variability.  Theor. Appl. Clim., 86, 23-37 (DOI: 10.1007/s00704-005-0202-8).

Duffy P, R Arritt, J Coquard, W Gutowski, J Han, J Iorio, J Kim, LR Leung, J Roads, and E Zeledon. 2006. "Simulations of Present and Future Climates in the Western United States with Four Nested Regional Climate Models." Journal of Climate 19(6):873-895. [doi: 10.1175/JCLI3669.1].

Francisco, R.V., J. Argete, F. Giorgi, J. Pal, X. Bi and W.J. Gutowski, 2006: Regional model simulation of summer rainfall over the Philippines: Effect of choice of driving fields and ocean flux schemes.  Theor. Appl. Clim., 86, 215-227 (DOI: 10.1007/s00704-005-0216-2).

Prusa, J. M., and W. J. Gutowski, 2006: MPDATA and Grid Adaptivity in Geophysical Fluid Flow Models. Int . J . Numer . Meth . Fluids, 50, 1207-1228 (DOI: 10.1002/fld.1152). 

Tadross, M., W.J. Gutowski, B. Hewitson, C. Jack and M. New, 2006: MM5 simulations of interannual change and the diurnal cycle of southern African regional climate.  Theor. Appl. Clim., 86, 63-80 (DOI: 10.1007/s00704-005-0208-2).


2001-2005

Fu, C., S. Wang, Z. Xiong, W.J. Gutowski, D.K. Lee, J.L. McGregor, Y. Sato, H. Kato, J.W. Kim, and M.S. Suh, 2005: Regional Climate Model Intercomparison Project for Asia. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, 257–266.

Iselin, J.P., W.J. Gutowski, and J.M. Prusa, 2005: Tracer Advection Using Dynamic Grid Adaptation and MM5. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 175–187.

Chen, T.C., W.R. Huang, and E.S. Takle, 2004: Annual Variation of Midlatitude Precipitation. J. Climate, 17, 4291–4298.

Pan, Z., R. W. Arritt, E. S. Takle, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., C. J. Anderson, and M. Segal, 2004:  Altered hydrologic feedback in a warming climate introduces a “warming hole”.  Geophys. Res. Lett.31, L17109, doi:10.1029/2004GL020528.

Pan, Z., M. Segal, and R.W. Arritt, 2004: Role of Topography in Forcing Low-Level Jets in the Central United States during the 1993 Flood-Altered Terrain Simulations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 396–403.

Gutowski, W.J., F.O. Otieno, R.W. Arritt, E.S. Takle, and Z. Pan, 2004: Diagnosis and Attribution of a Seasonal Precipitation Deficit in a U.S. Regional Climate Simulation. J. Hydrometeor., 5, 230–242.

Anderson, C.J., R.W. Arritt, E.S. Takle, Z. Pan, W.J. Gutowski, F.O. Otieno, R. da Silva, D. Caya, J.H. Christensen, D. Lüthi, M.A. Gaertner, C. Gallardo, F. Giorgi, S.Y. Hong, C. Jones, H.M.H. Juang, J.J. Katzfey, W.M. Lapenta, R. Laprise, J.W. Larson, G.E. Liston, J.L. McGregor, R.A. Pielke, J.O. Roads, and J.A. Taylor, 2003: Hydrological Processes in Regional Climate Model Simulations of the Central United States Flood of June–July 1993. J. Hydrometeor., 4, 584–598.

Gutowski, W.J., S.G. Decker, R.A. Donavon, Z. Pan, R.W. Arritt, and E.S. Takle, 2003: Temporal–Spatial Scales of Observed and Simulated Precipitation in Central U.S. Climate. J. Climate, 16, 3841–3847.

Wei, H., W.J. Gutowski, C.J. Vorosmarty, and B.M. Fekete, 2002: Calibration and Validation of a Regional Climate Model for Pan-Arctic Hydrologic Simulation. J. Climate, 15, 3222–3236.

Filby, S., S. Locke, M. Person, T. Winter, D. Rosenberry, W. Gutowski, and E. Ito, 2002:  Quantitative Reconstruction of groundwater and lake levels during the mid-Holocene within the Shingobee Watershed, Minnesota.  Quat. Res, 58, 246-254, doi:10.1006/qres.2002.2377.

Gutowski, W. J., C. J. Vörösmarty, M. Person, Z. Ötles, B. Fekete and J. York, 2002:  A Coupled Land–Atmosphere Simulation Program (CLASP).  J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D16), 4283,10.1029/2001JD000392.

York, J. P., M. Person, W.J. Gutowski and T. C. Winter, 2002: Putting aquifers into atmospheric simulation models:  An example from the Mill Creek Watershed, northeastern Kansas.  Adv. Wat. Res., 25, 221-238

Kunkel, K.E., K. Andsager, X.Z. Liang, R.W. Arritt, E.S. Takle, W.J. Gutowski, and Z. Pan, 2002: Observations and Regional Climate Model Simulations of Heavy Precipitation Events and Seasonal Anomalies: A Comparison. J. Hydrometeor., 3, 322–334.

Segal, M., Z. Pan, and R.W. Arritt, 2002: On the Effect of Relative Timing of Diurnal and Large-Scale Forcing on Summer Extreme Rainfall Characteristics over the Central United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 1442–1450.

Yang, Z., and R.W. Arritt, 2002: Tests of a Perturbed Physics Ensemble Approach for Regional Climate Modeling. J. Climate, 15, 2881–2896.

Kim, J., T.K. Kim, R.W. Arritt, and N.L. Miller, 2002: Impacts of Increased Atmospheric CO2 on the Hydroclimate of theWestern United States. J. Climate, 15, 1926–1942.

Chen, T.-C., and E. S. Takle, 2002:  Reply to `Comments on ``Suppressing impact of the Amazonian deforestation by the global circulation change”’.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 1661-1663.

Iselin, J.P., J.M. Prusa, and W.J. Gutowski, 2002: Dynamic Grid Adaptation Using the MPDATA Scheme. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 1026–1039.

Gutowski, W.J., J.W. Seidel, and A.B. Ervin, 2001: Water Transport by Thin Moist Layers in Project STORM Soundings. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 167–172.

Chen, T.C., J.h. Yoon, K.J. St. Croix, and E.S. Takle, 2001: Suppressing Impacts of the Amazonian Deforestation by the Global Circulation Change. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 2209–2216.

Anderson, C.J., and R.W. Arritt, 2001: Mesoscale Convective Systems over the United States during the 1997–98 El Niño. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2443–2457.

Anderson, C.J., and R.W. Arritt, 2001: Representation of Summertime Low-Level Jets in the Central United States by the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis. J. Climate, 14, 234–247.

Laird, N.F., D.A.R. Kristovich, X.Z. Liang, R.W. Arritt, and K. Labas, 2001: Lake Michigan Lake Breezes: Climatology, Local Forcing, and Synoptic Environment. J. Appl. Meteor., 40, 409–424.

Pan, Z., J.H. Christensen, R.W. Arritt, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., E.S. Takle, and F. Otenio, 2001: Evaluation of uncertainties in regional climate change simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research., 106, 17,735-17,752.

Pan, Z., R. W. Arritt, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., and E. S. Takle, 2001:  Soil moisture in a regional climate model:  simulation and projection.  Geophys. Res. Lett, 28, 2947-2950.

Antle, J. M. Apps, R. Beamish, T. Chapin, W. Cramer, J. Frangi, J. Laine, Lin Erda, J. Magnuson, I. Noble, J. Price, T. Prowse, T. Root, E. Schulze, O. Sirotenko, B. Sohngen, J. Soussana, H. Bugmann, C. Egorov, M. Finlayson, R. Fleming, W. Fraser, L. Hahn, K. Hall, M. Howden, M. Hutchins, J. Ingram, Ju Hui, G. Masters, P. Megonigal, J. Morgan, N. Myers, R. Neilson, S. Page, C. Parmesan., J. Rieley, B. Roulet, G. Takle, J. van Minnen, D. Williams, T. Williamson, and K. Wilson, 2001:  Chapter 5. Ecosystems and Their Goods and ServicesClimate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability.   Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.   Cambridge University Press. 1,032 pp.


1996-2000

Segal, M., Z. Pan, R.W. Arritt, and E.S. Takle, 2000: On the potential change in wind power over the U.S. due to increases of atmospheric greenhouses gases. J. Renewable Energy, 24, 235-243.

York, J. P., S. Filby, M. Person, H. Wright and W. J. Gutowski, 2000:  A Holocene hydrologic model of the Crow Wing watershed, Minnesota. J. Geochem. Expl., 69, 419-422.

Pan, Z., R.W. Arritt, M. Segal, T.-C. Chen, and S.-P. Weng, 2000: Effects of quasi-stationary large-scale anomalies on some mesoscale features associated with 1993 flood: A regional model simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 29551-29564.

Arritt, R.W., D.C. Goering and C.J. Anderson, 2000: The North American monsoon system in the Hadley Centre coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM. Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 565-568.

Pan, Z., M. Segal, R.W. Arritt, T.-C. Chen and S.-P. Weng, 1999: A method for simulating effects of quasi-stationary wave anomalies on regional climate. Journal of Climate,  12, 1336-1346.

Wilby, R. L., L. E. Hay, W. J. Gutowski, Jr., R. W. Arritt, E.S. Takle, G. H. Leavesley, and M. Clark, 1999: Hydrological responses to dynamically and statistically downscaled general circulation model output. Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 1199-1202.

Takle, E.S., W.J. Gutowski, Jr., R.W. Arritt, Z. Pan, C.J. Anderson, R. Silva, D. Caya, S.-C. Chen, J.H. Christensen, S.-Y. Hong, H.-M. H. Juang, J.J. Katzfey, W.M. Lapenta, R. Laprise, P. Lopez, J. McGregor and J.O. Roads, 1999: Project to Intercompare Regional Climate Simulations (PIRCS): Description and initial results. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 19,443-19,462.

Pan, Z., E. S. Takle, M. Segal, and R. Arritt, 1999:  Simulation of potential impacts of man-made landuse changes on US summer climate under various synoptic regimes.  J.  Geophys. Res. - Atmospheres, 104, 6515-6525.

Pan, Z., E. Takle, W. Gutowski, and R. Turner, 1999: Long Simulation of Regional Climate as a Sequence of Short Segments. Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, 308–321.

Gutowski, W.J., Z. Ötles, and Y. Chen, 1998: Effect of Ocean Surface Heterogeneity on Climate Simulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 1419–1429.

Anderson, C.J., and R.W. Arritt, 1998: Mesoscale Convective Complexes and Persistent Elongated Convective Systems over the United States during 1992 and 1993. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 578–599.

Segal, M., Z. Pan, R. W. Turner, and E. S. Takle, 1998:  On the potential impact of irrigated areas in North America on summer rainfall caused by large-scale systemsJ. Appl. Meteor., 37, 325-331.

Gutowski, W. J., Z. Ötles, and Y. Chen, 1998:  Effect of ocean-surface heterogeneity on climate simulation.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 1419-1429.

Gutowski, W. J., and W. Jiang, 1998:  Surface-flux regulation of the coupling between cumulus convection and baroclinic waves.  J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 940-953.

Gutowski, W. J., E. S. Takle and R. W. Arritt, 1998:  Project to Intercompare Regional Climate Simulations - Workshop II, 5 - 6 June 1997.  Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc., 79, 657-659.

Arritt, R.W., T.D. Rink, M. Segal, D.P. Todey, C.A. Clark, M.J. Mitchell, and K.M. Labas, 1997: The Great Plains Low-Level Jet during the Warm Season of 1993. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 2176–2192.

Iselin, J.P., and W.J. Gutowski, 1997: Water Vapor Layers in STORM-FEST Rawinsonde Observations*. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1954–1963.

Pan, Z., E. Takle, M. Segal, and R. Turner, 1996: Influences of Model Parameterization Schemes on the Response of Rainfall to Soil Moisture in the Central United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 1786–1802.

Kunkel, K.E., S.A. Changnon, B.C. Reinke, and R.W. Arritt, 1996: The July 1995 Heat Wave in the Midwest: A Climatic Perspective and Critical Weather Factors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 1507–1518.

Martinez-Castro, D., R.P. da Rocha, A. Bezanilla-Morlot, L. Alvarez-Escudero, J.P. Reyes-Fernandez, Y. Silva-Vidal and R.W. Arritt, 2006: Sensitivity studies of the RegCM-3 simulation of summer precipitation, temperature and local wind field in the Caribbean Region. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 86, 5-22.


1991-1995

Gutowski, W. J., P. C. Nendick, and L. E. Branscome, 1995:   Sensitivity of transient eddies to climate change in the CCC general circulation model.  Atmos.-Ocean , 33, 753-770.

Molnar, G. I., and W. J. Gutowski, 1995:  The faint young sun paradox:  Further exploration of the role of dynamical heat flux feedbacks in maintaining global climate stability.  J. Glaciology, 41, 87-90.

Takle, E. S., and L. O. Mearns, 1995:  Midwest Temperature Means, Extremes, and Variability:  Analysis of  Observed Data.  In G. R. Carmichael, G. E. Folk, and J. L. Schnoor, ed.,  Preparing for Global Change:  A Midwestern Perspective. Academic Publishing bv, Amsterdam, p . 129-134.

Takle, E. S., and L. O. Mearns, 1995:   Midwest Temperature Means, Extremes, and Variability:  Analysis of  Results from Climate Models. In G. R. Carmichael, G. E. Folk, and J. L. Schnoor, ed.,  Preparing for Global Change:  A Midwestern Perspective.  Academic Publishing bv, Amsterdam, p . 135-142.

Takle, E. S., 1995:  Variability of Midwest summertime precipitation. In G. R. Carmichael, G. E. Folk, and J. L. Schnoor, ed.,  Preparing for Global Change:  A Midwestern Perspective.  Academic Publishing bv, Amsterdam, p . 43-59.

Mitchell, M.J., R.W. Arritt, and K. Labas, 1995: A Climatology of the Warm Season Great Plains Low-Level Jet Using Wind Profiler Observations. Wea. Forecasting, 10, 576–591.

Zhong, S., and E. S. Takle, 1993:  The effects of large-scale winds on the sea/land-breeze circulations in an area of complex coastal heating.  J. Appl. Meteor., 32, 1181-1195.

Zhong, S., and E. S. Takle, 1992:  An observational study of sea- and land breeze circulation in an area of complex coastal heating.  J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 1426-1438.

Heilman, W. E., and E. S. Takle, 1991:  Numerical simulation of the nocturnal characteristics over Rattlesnake Mountain.  J. Appl. Meteor., 30, 1106-1116.

Zhong, S., J. M. Leone, Jr., and E. S. Takle, 1991:  Interaction of a sea breeze with a river breeze in an area of complex surface heating.  Bound.-Layer Meteor., 56, 101-113.


1986-1990

Fast, J. D., and E. S. Takle, 1988:  Evaluation of alternative methods for numerically modeling nonhydrostatic flows over irregular terrain.  Bound.-Layer Meteor., 44, 181-206.

Fast, J. D., and E. S. Takle, 1988:  Application of a quasi-nonhydrostatic parameterization for numerically modeling neutral flow over an isolated hill.  Bound.-Layer Meteor., 44, 285-304.